Peter Taylor explores the impact and legacy of four major acts of terror
from the last 30 years.
Runtime: 60 minutes
The Age of Terror - Great Purge - Netflix
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Russian: Большо́й терро́р) was a
campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from
1936 to 1938. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and
government officials, repression of peasants and the Red Army
leadership, widespread police surveillance, suspicion of “saboteurs”,
“counter-revolutionaries”, imprisonment, and arbitrary executions. In
Russian historiography, the period of the most intense purge, 1937–1938,
is called Yezhovshchina (Russian: Ежовщина; literally, “Yezhov
phenomenon”, commonly translated as “times of Yezhov” or “doings of
Yezhov”), after Nikolai Yezhov, the head of the Soviet secret police,
the NKVD, who was himself later killed in the purge. Mobile gas vans
were used to execute people without trial. Modern historical studies
estimate a total number of Stalinism repression deaths (executions and
camp deaths) in 1937–38 as 950,000–1,200,000. In the Western world,
Robert Conquest's 1968 book The Great Terror popularized that phrase.
Conquest's title was in turn an allusion to the period called the Reign
of Terror during the French Revolution (French: la Terreur, and, from
June to July 1794, la Grande Terreur, the Great Terror).
The Age of Terror - Notes - Netflix
The Age of Terror - References - Netflix